The combination of altitudinal variation and isolation of the Simien Mountains has given rise to a number of rare and endemic species and a high level of diversity. This high endemicity and diversity justifies the inclusion of SMNP in Conservation International’s Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot. The remoteness and isolation of the area that determine this endemism has also rendered these isolated populations of species such as the Ethiopian wolf, walia ibex or gelada to be more vulnerable to local extirpation or extinction from many threats.

Common Name

Scientific Name

Olive baboon

Papio anubis

Hamadryas baboon

Papio hamadryas

Vervet monkey

Ceropithecus aethiops

Colobus monkey

Colobus guereza


Theropithecus gelada

Rock hyrax

Procavia capensis

Menelik’s bushbuck*

Tragelaphus seriptue menelik


Oreotragus oreotragus

Grey duiker

Sylvicapra grimmia

Walia ibex*

Capra ibex walie

Golden (common) jackal

Canis aureus

Ethiopian wolf*

Canis simensis

Spotted hyena

Crocuta crocuta


Felis serval


Panthera pardus

The Ethiopian Wolf, Gelada and Walia Ibex are three of the many feature species that are sure to be highlights of your visit to the Simien Mountains National Park!

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